Hurricanes typically cause some of the most extreme forces that a structure will ever experience. N-J personnel have extensive experience in both quantitative and qualitative assessment of hurricane damage. In cases where it is difficult to know whether or not damage was caused by a hurricane, the extent of hurricane damage is typically determined by using tell-tale signs that show the age of distress. One example is paint or caulking in cracks. If the age of the paint or caulk is known, the age of the distress can be estimated. The following profiles show examples of the many investigations that we have performed.